Dog Nail Care
The nails are appendages of the skin. Each nail has a hard outer crust protecting it, and inside there is a blood and nerve supply. Nails, an organ of defense and aid in locomotion, as well as being useful in holding food while the teeth tear it apart, are strongly attached to the toes – much more so than our nails.
Dogs’ nails are constantly growing to make up for the loss of nails which, in a wild dog, would be worn off by contact wills rough surfaces. Housepets seldom have the opportunity of wearing down their nails sufficiently. Dogs running the streets keep their nails filed off by the pavements, but dogs walking on carpets or sleeping most of the time have no such opportunity and often their nails curve back under the foot until they press into the toes. Various dogs differ markedly in their rate of nail growth. In some, the rate of growth is so rapid that even running on city streets fails to wear their nails off.
When nails get too long they cause painful feet and sometimes real lameness. If the tips are below the pads of the feet, the pads have no traction on smooth surfaces like linoleum or hardwood floors and the dog slides on the kitchen floor, has trouble climbing stairs, and often appears to get lazy. The nails of house dogs need to be trimmed and filed regularly. Some dogs object so strenuously that they must are muzzled. If you cut too close to the quick and the nails bleed, the capillaries will soon close if the dog is kept off rough surfaces for a while; there is no danger of infections. Silver nitrate styptic pencils help control such bleeding.
The following are the ways to trim dog nail care.
Steps to Trim Dog Nails
- While trimming the nails of your dog try to keep the nails up to the length that just touches the ground or more ideally a little above.
- You are recommended to use a nail clipper that is specially designed for dogs and not for humans. The nail clippers for humans are designed to cut flat-shaped nails while those of the nails of dogs are round in shape.
- Before starting the process of trimming the nails you are first required to make your dog quiet. You may either take your pet to your lab or sit along with your doggy on the floor to trim the nails.
- If your dog finds it to be quite frightening try to reassure your dog with a calm voice.
- Hold one of the paws in your hand and try to spread the toes with your fingers. You must not trim the nails beyond the lines of the toe’s blood vessel.
- Not all breeds or dogs have dewclaws or the remnants of the fifth toe. If you find your dog to be having dewclaws make sure to remove them as well.
After the process gets over give your dog a treat that it would love to devour. This will make the dog know that the process of trimming is quite rewarding for it.
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