The base of the tongue and surrounding areas are subject to infection from foreign bodies such as needles, splinters, and vegetation such as foxtail which penetrate the surface of the area and migrate as porcupine quills do. The seed fronds of some grasses when eaten penetrate the mucous often at the junction of the two jaws. As the foreign body migrates, it may lodge in the area of a nerve, causing great pain and the inability to open the jaws wide. Some of these objects migrate upward, producing an abscess over an eye, or downward, producing an abscess under the jaw that resembles human mumps before it ruptures. If the foreign object does not slough out in the discharge the abscess heals and reforms.
The tongue can be lacerated by a dog’s licking sharp objects. If it so happens that the tongue becomes impaled by the sharp edges of an open can’s lid that’s been pushed into the open can, an anesthetic is sometimes necessary to remove it if the dog is difficult. The dog should be seen immediately by a veterinarian, as should any dog whose laceration continues to bleed for more than twenty minutes. Tumors of dogs’ tongues are rare.
Dog Tongue Information
- The tongue is an extended muscular organ. The surface of the tongue is covered by specialized epithelium tissue with the help of which a dog tastes, touches, and feels pain. The tongue also helps to dissipate heat.
- The dogs have also the sensations of salt, sweet and sour. The sensation of sour is felt generally at the top of the tongue, the salt at the lateral sides and one end of the tongue while sweet is felt at the edges and the front of the tongue. The dogs have a special way of tasting water by simply dipping the tip of their tongue in the water.
- Papillae or the small projections of the tongue can be differentiated into five main types. The marginal papilla is part of the tongue which is slightly shredded in appearance, especially in small puppies. The bumpy end of the tongue at the back side is termed an evaluation.
- You will often find that the tongue of your dog is often wet. Many think that it is because of the seating of the tongue. But in actuality, the wet tongue is the net result of the secretion of all the salivary glands producing a thick secretion of fluid.
- If not in all dogs but some dogs may have black pigments in patches on the tongue surface, gums, and lower lips. The black patch is because of the presence of melanin pigments and has nothing to do with medical supervision.
- Though black patches amidst tongue tissues are harmless a raised or elevated region of the black patch may be a matter of concern. You are recommended to consult a vet surgeon as soon as you find it out.
A raised black lump on the tongue surface can be the result of a type of cancer called melanoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is another type of tongue cancer. The other two types of cancer that can occur in the tongue are known as granular cell tumors and mast cell tumors. With the aid of surgery and radiation, the diseases can be completely cured if diagnosed at an early stage.
See more: Dog Training Tips